Availability, price and employee familiarity often determines which operating systems are offered on dedicated servers. Variations of Linux and Unix (open source operating systems) are often included at no charge to the customer. Commercial operating systems include Microsoft Windows Server, provided through a special program called Microsoft SPLA. Red Hat Enterprise is a commercial version of Linux offered to hosting providers on a monthly fee basis. The monthly fee provides OS updates through the Red Hat Network using an application called Yum. Other operating systems are available from the open source community at no charge. These include CentOS, Fedora Core, Debian, and many other Linux distributions or BSD systems FreeBSD, NetBSD, OpenBSD.

A dedicated server is a single physical computer engineered to support multiple users, run a large number of different services and applications, and manage, store, send and process data 24-hours a day. A dedicated server allows for all the resources of the physical computer to be "dedicated" to one client and the hardware resources are not shared with any other clients. This is in contrast to shared servers and cloud servers where the resources of the physical computer system are shared amongst many clients.
Bandwidth consumption over the last several years has shifted from a per megabit usage model to a per gigabyte usage model. Bandwidth was traditionally measured in line speed access that included the ability to purchase needed megabits at a given monthly cost. As the shared hosting model developed, the trend towards gigabyte or total bytes transferred, replaced the megabit line speed model so dedicated server providers started offering per gigabyte.
Want to buy a Dedicated Server? You will need to begin investigating the type of hardware you want to buy and wait for it to be shipped. That doesn't even include the time it will take for you to configure your server. That could take days or possibly weeks. Do you have that kind of time? What if you outgrow your Dedicated Server? Rent a Dedicated Server from A2 Hosting and it'll be ready for you in 30-minutes or less! 

File servers are crucial for most businesses as they are the location where all of the shared company files and data are stored. When you need a file server for a large project or for other temporary business uses, Rentacomputer.com can provide you with equipment configured specifically for your needs and at a fraction of the cost of purchasing one.
All of these features may look impressive, but if you don't know what Dedicated Hosting is in the first place, these features probably don't matter much to you at all. When you purchase a Dedicated Server from A2 Hosting, you are getting all of the resources listed with the server plan of your choice. You do not share these resources with any other user or customer. The bandwidth, RAM and data transfer are for your use exclusively. With all of these resources at your disposal, you can expect your hosting service to be both highly reliable with top performance.
The answer to this question largely depends on two factors. Are you new to server technology and not very interested? In this case, Windows is the easiest option to get where you want to go. Do you already have experience with Linux or would you like to familiarize yourself with this operating system? If so, Linux gives you more freedoms to configure your server, and you will be using an operating system that is less vulnerable to attacks from the Internet. Linux is also open source and therefore free.
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